Afghans Banned From 16 Provinces In Iran

During the past few months, the rate of Afghans deported from Iran has steadily increased despite efforts by Afghanistan’s Taliban-run government to persuade Tehran to give the Afghans more time. (file photo)

Iran has banned millions of Afghan refugees and migrants in the country from living in, traveling to, or seeking employment in just over half of the country’s 31 provinces.

On December 3, Hamzeh Soleimani, the director-general of citizenship and foreign national affairs of the western Kermanshah Province, confirmed the ban was in place in 16 provinces nationwide.

“Numerous construction projects, greenhouses and livestock farms underwent inspection under the plan. [This led to the arrest and expulsion of Afghan workers from the province,” he said.

Iranian media have identified 15 of the 16 provinces, including Kermanshah, East Azarbaijan, West Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Zanjan, Kurdistan, Hamedan, Gilan, Mazandaran, Sistan-Baluchistan, Ilam, Lorestan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kahgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad, and Hormozgan.

In October, Iranian Interior Minister Ahmad Vahidi reiterated that Tehran would deport all “illegal” migrants, most of whom are Afghan nationals who fled war, persecution, and poverty.

Tehran estimates that more than 5 million Afghans currently live in the country. Iranian officials now want to deport at least half of them because they do not have the documents to remain in the country.

During the past few months, the rate of Afghans deported from Iran has steadily increased despite efforts by Afghanistan’s Taliban-run government to persuade Tehran to give the Afghans more time before embarking on a mass expulsion campaign like Pakistan.

Islamabad is currently deporting thousands of impoverished Afghans daily as part of its campaign to expel more than 1.7 million “undocumented foreigners.”

In Iran, Afghans say their lives are becoming more complicated with each passing day.

“The situation of Afghan refugees across Iran is very worrying,” Sharif Mateen, an Afghan refugee, told RFE/RL’s Azadi Radio.

“Police are arresting everyone, irrespective of whether they have documents or not. They are then taken to repatriation camps,” he added.

Iran has hosted millions of Afghans for more than four decades, but Tehran has often complained of the lack of international aid for hosting them.

More than 70 percent of the 3.6 million Afghans who left their country after the Taliban seized power in August 2021 fled to Iran. Data show most are educated, middle-class Afghans who served in the fallen pro-Western Afghan republic’s security forces or civil bureaucracy.